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主要极地国家的极地科技体制探究——以美国、俄罗斯和澳大利亚为例

【标题】主要极地国家的极地科技体制探究——以美国、俄罗斯和澳大利亚为例

【Title】Study of polar science and technology system of major polar countries——Take the U. S., Russia and Australia as examples

【作者】 张禄禄 臧晶晶

【Author】 Zhang Lulu, Zang Jingjing

【期刊】极地研究

【Journal】

【期刊年份】2017

【卷】Vol. 29

【期】

【关键词】 极地国家; 极地科技体制; 极地政策和战略; 比较研究

【Keywords】 polar country; polar science and technology system; polar policy and strategy; comparative research

【摘要】引领一国极地科学考察与研究的极地科技体制, 已引起世界各国的广泛关注与重视。极地科技体制是指极地科学技术研究与管理的机构设置、职责范围、权属关系和管理方式的结构体系和组织架构, 科学合理完善的极地科技体制是促进极地事业发展的前提和基础。文中重点研究分析了美国、俄罗斯和澳大利亚三个具有代表性极地国家的极地科技体制, 并对上述三国的极地科技体制进行了概括总结, 最后着眼于我国极地科技体制的现状, 从学术和理论层面探讨了我国极地科技体制未来的改革方向, 期待我国极地事业在“十三五”时期能够搭乘全面深化改革的便车实现跨越式发展, 逐步形成适合我国国情并且相对完善的极地科技体制。

【Abstract】The polar science and technology system which leads the country polar scientific research has aroused wide attention in many countries around the world. Polar science and technology systems constitute the structural system and organization of polar science and technology research with the management and organizational setup, scope of responsibility, and ownership. Scientific and reasonable polar science and technology system is the premise and foundation to promote the development of polar science and technology. This article mainly analyses the representative polar power of the polar science and technology systems developed by countries such as the U.S., Russia, and Australia. It also summarizes the polar system of each country. Lastly, it focuses on the current status of the polar science and technology system of China, and it explores the direction of future reform of our polar cause in “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period to deepen the comprehensive reform which will gradually form a relatively perfect polar science and technology system which is suitable for our national condition.

【基金/项目】 南北极环境综合考察与评估专项 (CHINARE2015-04-05-03-06)资助

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