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Elevation determination of nunataks in Grove Mountains

【标题】Elevation determination of nunataks in Grove Mountains

【Title】Elevation determination of nunataks in Grove Mountains

【作者】 王泽民; 艾松涛; 张胜凯; 杜玉军

【Author】 Wang Zemin ; Yi Songtao ; Zhang Shengkai ; Du Yujun

【期刊】极地研究

【Journal】

【期刊年份】2011

【卷】22

【期】

【关键词】 forward intersection; GPS

【Keywords】 Grove Mountains; Mason Peak; Wilson Ridge; trigonometric leveling; GPS; forward intersection

【摘要】Many exposed nunataks locate in the Grove Mountains of the Antarctic inland, and the majority of those elevations have not been measured yet. The elevations of Mason Peak and Wilson Ridge are precisely determined by the Grove Team of CHINARE-26 in 2010. The Mason Peak turns out to be the highest of the Grove Mountains. Considering the Mason Peak and Wilson Ridge are difficult to climb due to their cragginess, we firstly select three control points on the ice surface near the Mason Peak and position them with GPS. Thus, the accurate elevations of Mason Peak and Wilson Ridge can be calculated from three directions using forward intersection and trigonometric leveling by setting precision theodolite on the chosen control points. It has solved the puzzle of its geodetic height in geography. The result provides basic information which can be referred as highly precise control points for Antarctic surveying and mapping. This paper elaborates the process of measurement and computation of the elevation of the mountains summits, also analysed in detail of the principal elements influencing the accuracy of trigonometry leveling, the determination of refraction coefficientk, the observing structure and the distance.

【Abstract】Many exposed nunataks locate in the Grove Mountains of the Antarctic inland, and the majority of those elevations have not been measured yet. The elevations of Mason Peak and Wilson Ridge are precisely determined by the Grove Team of CHINARE-26 in 2010. The Mason Peak turns out to be the highest of the Grove Mountains. Considering the Mason Peak and Wilson Ridge are difficult to climb due to their cragginess, we firstly select three control points on the ice surface near the Mason Peak and position them with GPS. Thus, the accurate elevations of Mason Peak and Wilson Ridge can be calculated from three directions using forward intersection and trigonometric leveling by setting precision theodolite on the chosen control points. It has solved the puzzle of its geodetic height in geography. The result provides basic information which can be referred as highly precise control points for Antarctic surveying and mapping. This paper elaborates the process of measurement and computation of the elevation of the mountains summits, also analysed in detail of the principal elements influencing the accuracy of trigonometry leveling, the determination of refraction coefficientk, the observing structure and the distance.

【基金/项目】 南极冰原裂隙及冰盖运动信息提取和定量分析

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